Over the past year, educators in Colorado have been fine tuning their curriculum and instruction to the new literacy standards published by the Common Core State Standards initiative (CCSS) which were adopted by our Colorado Department of Education. Content specialists have identified 6 Pedagogical Shifts demanded by the Common Core State Standards in Literacy.
6 Pedagogical Shifts
Click on the image to enlarge.
These six shifts generalize the overall differences between the old set of student learning expectations and the new learning expectations. The chart above was captured from EngageNY, a New York State site dedicated to assisting educators with the transition to the Common Core and the new Educator Effectiveness agenda.
Viewing the Common Core in PARCC’s Eyes
States that have signed on with the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) consortia now have another resource to align our collective schema. The PARCC Model Content Frameworks provide an exceptional overview of what middle level students need to know, understand, and be able to do.
Open the grade level document of your choice in either 6th, 7th or 8th grade. While reading, and underline passages within the PARCC Model Content Frameworks that indicate evidence for one or more of the six pedagogical shifts. For example, while reading the 6th Grade Model Content Frameworks, I underlined this portion of text, “The balance of student writing at this level is 70 percent analytical (35 percent argument and 35 percent to explain/inform) and 30 percent narrative, with a mix of on-demand and review-and-revision writing assignments.” I believe this statement is an example of Shift 1, balancing informational and literary texts.
- 6th Grade Model Content Frameworks
- 7th Grade Model Content Frameworks
- 8th Grade Model Content Frameworks
What do you notice about the learning expectations in the grade level you examined? Did you identify areas where increased text complexity is expected? Did you see evidence of the importance of academic vocabulary? Did you notice how students will need to use text based evidence to support their thinking?
Infusing Best Practices from the Literacy Design Collaborative
Several districts across the nation have been integrating the strategies developed by the Literacy Design Collaborative. These strategies are posted on an emerging resource curated by ASCD called EduCore. The funding for this work is supported through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which is providing extensive training in select districts to support the educator effectiveness agenda.
Watch this Video on Rethinking Literacy
The LDC work is many faceted
The scope of the LDC work is the Module. A module is a specific unit of learning designed around targeted Common Core standards. A well designed module carefully scaffolds students so that they are able to independently and effectively perform an identifed task at the end of the module of instruction.
The heart of the LDC Module is the Performance Task. Teachers of English Language Arts, Social Studies, Science and Other Technical Subjects are taught how to center their instruction around an outcome expectation called a Performance Task. The LDC has created a simple formula to assist teachers in designing strategically aligned performance tasks with the Common Core literacy standards, most especially in the areas of accessing multi-disciplinary text and producing various writings in the areas of argument, explanatory/informational, and narrative. They have created a menu of Performance Task Templates that can be modified and used in multiple situations in all types of content areas. Let’s look at the Argumentation Template Tasks to get an idea of what how the templates work.
A Template Task for Argumentation
Click on the image to enlarge The LDC Performance Template Tasks provide a structure so that teachers can effectively create their own tasks aligned to different student learning expectations. Notice the blanks, those were intentionally created to allow flexibility for teacher design. These template can be used in multiple situations in different content areas. The templates are carefully aligned with the Common Core literacy standards, so they should not be modified. However, the blanks are open for variation and design creativity. The LDC has designed:
- 10 different Template Tasks to support the Argumentation expectations
- 15 different Template Tasks to support Explanatory/Informational expectations
- 4 Template Tasks to support the Narrative expectations.
There are also rubrics aligned with each of the three types of tasks: Argument, Explanatory/Informational, and Narrative.
To access all of the LDC Performance Template Tasks and Rubrics click here.
To watch videos to learn how to use the LDC Performance Template Tasks, click here.
To review sample teaching Modules in Argumentation, click here.
Are you Ready for the Next Generation Assessments?
Likely, you are more ready than you thought. But, to continue your preparation:
- Take some time to review the 6 Pedagogical Shifts and begin making the shift in your own teaching
- Review the LDC Template Tasks, and use them as a skeleton for your own student task development
- Seek out additional support from the multitude of sources online and experts in your own vicinity.